Part and parcel of being an English as a Foreign Language teacher is lesson planning, which, unfortunately, is a necessary evil. © 2021 The TEFL Academy. You still need to scaffold the activity but you don’t need to give them step-by-step instructions for what they should say. I'd like to end this post by sharing a book I absolutely love, Alexander and the Terrible, Horrible, No Good, Very Bad Day by Judith Viorst. When a question mark ends the sentence, their voices will generally go up at the end. PreK–K, Let’s look at the difference between accuracy and fluency in the EFL classroom – and why it actually matters – so you can be more confident in your teaching skills, and together we can conquer the world! In many EFL classrooms, the free practice stage is the last in the lesson. Fluency is the flow and efficiency with which you express your ideas, particularly when speaking. This means getting and keeping your tenses right, the correct use of prepositions and word order. I, on the other hand, get an instant assessment of their progress. Fluent reading frees resources to process meaning. Accuracy refers to how correct learners’ use of the language system is, including their use of grammar, pronunciation and grammar. You have to just keep going when you make mistakes, and trust that your brain is going to help you make those connections. Required fields are marked *, Be the first to get exclusive TEFL offers and information. In your EFL lessons, try not to focus on accuracy to the detriment of fluency. Today I'm going to discuss three important aspects of reading fluency: speed, accuracy, and expression. Fluency is a wonderful bridge to comprehension and to a lifelong love of reading.”. Reading Assessment Tips: Measuring Accuracy and Fluency EducationWorld is committed to bringing educators the practical tools they need to make good decisions, engage in effective leadership and implement strategies that work. A couple of years ago our staff was given iPods to use in the classroom. When an exclamation mark ends the sentence, they need to use a surprised or excited voice. To improve your students' accuracy, have the students listen to themselves read a passage and evaluate it. One student stands behind another student. This involves simply reading the same material over and over again until accurate and expressive. I have also found that the children engage in the activity longer and are able to do the repetition necessary to master the skill. In the article "Common Questions About Fluency," Maryanne Wolf states, “Fluency is the developmental process that connects decoding with everything we know about words to make the meaning of the text come to life. This study aimed to investigate gender differences in L2 reading accuracy and fluency among Iranian intermediate EFL learners. From Shamrocks to Shillelaghs: Books to Read on St. Patrick's Day. Many teachers believe that fluency is a goal worth striving towards only with students who are at a fairly advanced level. Spend the first part of the week introducing the script. It is difficult to improve upon something if you don’t recognize what you are doing wrong. Accuracy and Fluency If you speak English with a high level of accuracy it means you speak correctly, with very few mistakes. Your email address will not be published. In the article "Common Questions About Fluency," Maryanne Wolf states, “Fluency is the developmental process that connects decoding with everything we know about words to make the meaning of the text come to life.Fluency … Let us know what you come up with! Students can also work on skills that they need extra practice in. For this game, students sit in a half circle on the rug. Although they terms automaticity and fluency often are used interchangeably, they are not the same thing. You might also consult the Scholastic book Readers Theater for Building Fluency. At the same time, this focus on accuracy is misguided, as accuracy is by no means more important than fluency. The leader sits on a chair facing all the kids. Accuracy refers to reading words without mistakes. Fluency is defined as the ability to read with speed, accuracy, and proper expression. Hi Elizabeth you can put Tom Gibbons name here if the reference requires it. Because of this, if a lesson is running late or the teacher runs out of time, it is this stage which is shortened or even cut entirely. Then put the students in groups that suit the script.The next couple of days just have the students practice their parts. Examples of fluency activities are conversations, roleplays, debates and projects. If your activity is appropriate and relevant for your students, this should actually come naturally to your students, as they will have a purpose for communicating. Fluency The one thing that many people are surprised by when they do their TEFL course ... No matter how well you did on your TEFL course, your first day teaching english ... thanks for your help and your article, Try timed readings. To work on speed, I use an oldie but goodie exercise (one I remember doing in my high school Spanish class): Around the World. The Connection between Reading Fluency and Comprehension. So while of course there is a need for a certain amount of accuracy, fluency can be seen to play a bigger role in effective communication. Reading fluency is the speed and accuracy of decoding words. Accuracy is the ability to decode words correctly. Today I'm going to discuss three important aspects of reading fluency: speed, accuracy, and expression. Our learners want to learn to speak English in order to communicate. Continued re… View not found. In fact, a student who is more fluent than accurate can be more successful at communication than someone who is more accurate than fluent. Let's take a look at each of these: Speed - Fluent readers read at an appropriate rate of speed for their age or grade level (usually measured in words per minute or wpm). In the EFL classroom, there are a lot of different factors to consider when making a lesson plan best suited to your students. If you choose to focus on fluency, don’t stop your students if they make mistakes but if you are aiming for accuracy then make sure your students are producing accurate language. Most of the lesson time is dedicated to presenting the target language and ensuring the students are able to produce it accurately and appropriately. Comprehension is lost because all of their energy is spent on decoding. If you speak fluently it means you speak easily, quickly and with few pauses. It's a great book to turn into a readers theater script. Readers theater gives students multiple opportunities to read text with emotion and to practice reading the same words over and over again. Fluency refers to how well a learner communicates meaning rather than how many mistakes they make in grammar, pronunciation and vocabulary. Of course, assessment is a key piece of both determining students’ fluency needs and tracking progress. For free reading passages, a colleague of mine, Debbie Hathaway, recommended the DIBELS Web site. In fact, the National Reading Panel says this is the most powerful way to improve reading fluency. Taken as a given that students’ needs should always dictate what you teach them, the question of whether it is more important to work on accuracy or fluency in the language classroom remains. It’s important to note that a person who is fluent may not necessarily be 100 % accurate but they are generally still comprehensible. You can time the students and calculate how many words they can read correctly in one minute. In the early stages of learning to read, readers may be accurate but slow and inefficient at recognizing words. Noun (wikipedia fluency) (fluencies) The quality of smoothness of flow (linguistics) The quality of being fluent in a language; A person's command of a particular language. Fluency is the ability of the reader to read with accuracy, automaticity, appropriate phrasing and intonation. Decoding accuracy is the first prerequisite to fluency. Reading this book conveys the message that we all experience times in our lives when we feel like Alexander. TEFL & Coronavirus (Covid-19) Latest Info. Both comprehension and fluency depend on knowing the words being read, hence developing vocabulary is an important way to improve these two reading skills. The leader takes a set of flash cards and turns the top card around. The students begin to give a voice to their character by reading with emotion, excitement, or even sorrow, depending on their role. Accuracy is the essential foundation of reading fluency. For a reader to understand what a text means, that text first must be read with a certain level of accuracy. The ultimate purpose of reading is always to com- prehend what is being read. A few grammar mistakes may appear here and there in the explanation, but it should be delivered in a way that is easy to understand and shows how comfortable you are with the language. If you don’t know a word, you’re going to find another way to say that. For reading passages, check out the Scholastic book Fluency Practice Mini-Books, for grade 1 and for grade 2. Allow sufficient time for fluency activities, and this includes time for adequate preparation on the part of your students. Hello Ardani, I am glad to hear that you enjoyed the article. To further this commitment, we have formed a content partnership with Stenhouse … Comprehension- indicates the appropriateness of the student’s responses to questions about the content of each … Our Read with Accuracy and Fluency lesson plan teaches students strategies for reading aloud with more accurately and fluently. All Rights reserved. By convention, a gauge specified as 0.1% accuracy is implied to be 0.1% FS. During this lesson, students are asked to work with a partner and take turns reading passages out loud with as much fluency and accuracy as possible using the information taught in … An accuracy-oriented activity such as pattern drills is usually used in the teaching of a new target item; A fluency-oriented activity such as extensive reading and information gap aims to develop the students' spontaneous … Yes if you are looking to reference this blog entry then you can do this. 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