The attraction of the melon fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coq.) Fruit Fly Mania is a protein which is highly attractive to both male and female fruit flies. Chemical Management of Melon Fruit Fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae Conquillett (Diptera:Tephritidae) on Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia Linn.) Papayas grown in Hawaii are infested with four species of fruit flies: the Oriental fruit fly (Dacus dorsalis), the Mediterranean fruit fly (Ceratitis capitata), the melon fly (Dacus cucurbitae), and the Malaysian fruit fly (Bactrocera latifrons). Fruit flies need specific proteins to survive and mature, in addition female fruit flies also need proteins to mature their eggs. cultural control, biological control, and chemical control. The two most common mechanical methods of control are wrapping developing fruit with a protective covering and the use of baited traps. Ceratitis rosa is recorded from over 100 plant species. The chemicals used for the control of fruit flies are Diptrex, Imidacloprid, Triazophos, and neem products [1]-[12]-[14]. The development cycle of the flies . Melon fly is a prohibited plant pest under the Biosecurity Act 2014. Where chemical control is required, selective insecticides are chosen which target the pest, leaving the beneficial population unharmed. Biological . Chemical control of melon fruit fly (Myiopardalis pardalina). Adult melon fly Scientific classification Kingdom: Animalia On the control and treated experimental plots, before application, an average population density of 11.5 fly/plant was noted. [citation needed] Cultural. The melon fly. The control plot and treated plots were characterized by varied fly population density on successive days of observation, with … Make 10 to 12 holes into an old 1 liter plastic bottle or 3 holes on each side of 1 liter ice cream container, to allow flies to enter. }, author={S. Khan and G. H. Chughtai and Qamar-ul-Islam}, journal={Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research}, year={1984}, volume={5}, pages={40-42} } Fruit flies attack soft, fleshy fruits of a wide variety of fruit and vegetable crops. Chemical control of the melon fruit fly is relatively ineffective. Corpus ID: 83293314. This review paper on fruit fly survey in Nepal indicated that fruit fly is a problem causing considerable loss in productivity of citrus fruits and cucurbit vegetables. While there are a number of parasitoids that can help control fruit fly populations, these kill the insect in the pupal stage and are therefore of little use in preventing damage if populations are already high. An experiment was conducted by Nasiruddin and karim (1992) on the evaluation of potential control measure for fruit fly, Bactrocera (Dacus) cucurbitae, in snake gourd. An adult female fruit fly can lay up to 2,000 eggs on the surface of anything that's moist and rotting. No votes yet. The Mediterranean fruit fly Ceratitis capitata feeds and causes damage to a very wide range of crops. Three insecticides, one with a fly attractant, protein hydrolysate, were tested in field experiments in 1975 and 1976 to control Dacus frontalis on watermelon and sweet melon in the People’s Democratic Republic of Yemen. Khan S, Chughtai GH, Qamar-ul-Islam (1984) Chemical control of melon fruit fly (Myiopardalis pardalina). Some activities were accomplished to monitor and manage fruit fly in Nepal. The melon fly can attack both flowers, stem and root tissue, and fruit. Kugler J, Freldberg A (1975) A list of the fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) of Israel and nearby areas, their host plants and distribution. Your rating: Your rating: None. The female produces a pheromone when she wants to mate and lay eggs. The melon fly is a dangerous pest of melons and gourds. @article{Khan1984ChemicalCO, title={Chemical control of melon fruit fly (Myiopardalis pardalina). Do not allow fallen fruit to accumulate under trees. Field trials were conducted during 2013 (first week of January at 22.9-29.5°C and 90-98% RH and second week of June at 29-37.8°C and 94-97% RH) to assess the efficacy of certain chemical treatments against melon fruit fly (Bactrocera cucurbitae Coq.) (Diptera: Tephritidae) to soybean hydrolysate, fishmeal, beef extract, banana/grapes, bread and dog biscuit was evaluated in snakegourd (Trichosanthes anguina L.) gardens during 2000–2001. OPs and CARBs that have been used most frequently in fruit fly control include dimethoate, fenthion, naled, malathion, fenitrothion, formothion (OPs), and methomyl (CARB). A poisoned bait gave good control of fruit flies (Steiner et al. The first OP resistance studies in Tephritid flies were carried out in the olive fruit fly B. oleae, a pest that has been subjected to selection pressure by dimethoate and fenthion for several decades in Greece. It is therefore recommended that an integrated approach is adopted to manage the spread. Chemical control is used when biological and cultural control has not been enough to protect the productivity of the crop. Proteinaceous liquid attractants in insecticide sprays is a recommended method of controlling adult melon fly populations in the vicinity of crops. More information about IPM. Fruit fly management tactics includes the use of pheromone trap, application of chemical pesticides and sanitation. Chemicals for fighting the melon fly. Israel Journal of Entomology 10, 51-72. Video: Integrated Pest Management (Ground Cover TV, Grains Research and Development Corporation) … Life Cycle A female melon fly usually lays eggs under the skin of host fruit; however, in its favored hosts in the family Cucurbitaceae, eggs may also be laid into flowers, stems, and exposed roots. Area-Wide Control of the Oriental Fruit FLY and Melon FLY in Taiwan. In Latin it sounds like bactrocera cucurbitae coquillett. Materials required. Heat a small piece of metal to make the holes easily. reliance on chemical control are many residues of insecticides in crops, health problems for farmers, contamination of water and soil, insecticide resistance development and decrease in natural enemy populations. Local area management. Like many insects, male and female fruit flies find each other using smell. Within 30 hours, tiny maggots hatch and start to eat the decayed food. on bitter gourd. Video: How to Control Fruit Fly Organically (December 2020). In the Indo-Malayan region, the melon fly, sometimes called the melon fruit fly, is considered the most destructive pest of melons and related crops, and it has greatly curtailed the production of melons, cucumbers and tomatoes in Hawaii. Management Non-chemical control Mechanical. Average: 0. Fruit flies. Responses of fruit flies (Tephritidae: Dacinae) to novel male attractants in north Queensland, Australia, and improved lures for some pest species. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Research 5(1), 40-42. If you grow backyard fruit trees, unfortunately you’ll find there’s a range of pests wanting to get to your harvests before you do.And one of the most insidious is the Queensland fruit fly (which despite its name, is active well beyond Queensland). Chemical Control of Melon Fruit Flay (Bactrocera cucurbitae) (Coq) on Muskmelon (Cucumis melo L.) by Malathion and Dipterex in D.I. Vinegar and beer were added as the ‘bait components’ to the above ‘base baits’ to enhance their attractiveness. In situations where chemical control of melon fruit fly becomes necessary, one has to rely on soft insecticides with low residual toxicity and short waiting periods. Management of fruit fly by pheromone and indigenous bait traps Bait traps. The fruit fly is known as one of the two-winged insects, and it is one of the agricultural pests that intrude on fruit trees, causing damage to them, and weakening their productivity, and the female of this fly puts its eggs in a hole under the shell of a fruit seed, and when these eggs hatch, larvae come out white. Based on the conducted monitoring of appearance of melon fly, optimal time for the performance of chemical pest control was determined. Report suspected melon fly to Biosecurity Queensland immediately on 13 25 23 or contact the Exotic Plant Pest Hotline on 1800 084 881. Put a wire from the cover to suspend the bait. Sprays for fruit fly control may not be necessary in dry seasons. Therefore, keeping in view the importance of the pest and crop, the melon fruit fly management could be done using local area management or wide area management. If you think you have found melon fly, you must take all reasonable and practical steps under your control to minimise any associated risks. 1998). Local area management means the … 1.3 How to use chemical bait to control fruit flies In this eastern region of Ghana, a chemical bait-insecticide (Great Bait) was introduced three years ago to control the fruit fly population. Major host plants of Ceratitis cosyra include mango, guava, sour orange, marula, wild custard apple and wild apricot. malathion) mixed with a protein bait. Summary. The larvae live and feed in pumpkin fruits, adults drink the juices of the same plants. Plastic bottle/jar 1 litre; Latex gloves; Galvanized utility wire; Methodology . Abstract: Melon fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) is one of the most important pests of bitter gourd, Momordica charantia L. Because of the difficulties associated with chemical control of this pest, it is important to identify the traits associated with resistance and their influence on pest multiplication. CHEMICAL CONTROL. Chemical Control Although cover sprays of entire crops are sometimes used, the use of bait sprays is both more economical and more environmentally acceptable. The chemicals used for melon fly control have been used as 1) toxicants in baits applied to refugia of the fruit flies and 2) sprays applied to the crop. These are applied baiting and cultural practices for management of fruit flies. The melon fly was first found in California in 1956 and has been captured sporadically over the years, but all infestations have been successfully eradicated. The implementation of control measures that do not imply an added burden to the environment and/or the farmers is urgent. Austral Entomology 2015 , 54 (4) , 411-426. 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